The beginning of the Visible Learning journey
By the end of 2015, the school had successfully completed its first three-year strategic school planning and review cycle. Mindful of the challenges that lay ahead for a growing school, the staff set out to more closely examine classroom practice and in particular, with a commitment to ensuring every teacher was highly effective. With the spotlight on a recently developed Pedagogical Framework, in particular focusing on enhancing teacher clarity, through the use of learning intentions and success criteria, the Principal, Frank Pansini, used two videos on John Hattie’s work as provocations to stimulate discussion amongst staff at a whole staff day. This prompted much reflection, debate and informally marked the beginning of the Visible Learning journey. It did not take long to realise that the Visible Learning Professional Learning Process was the ‘next step’ in the school journey. This process aligned with the school’s commitment from day one, ‘every student as a successful learner and every teacher a highly effective educator’.
Short and Long Term Outcomes
- Influenced by the Visible Learning research, staff were committed to improving teacher clarity, and in the short-term, set about ensuring that learning intentions and success criteria were visible to all learners in every classroom for every lesson. A short- term goal was to ensure that every student was able to confidently articulate and understand - where am I at with my learning, where am I going next and how do I get there.
- In 2016, the professional learning that occurred through the Visible Learning ‘Evidence into Action’ process provided the opportunity to use a variety of tools and frameworks to gather and analyse the first cycle of data. Privileging student voice was a key focus of this first phase. The data highlighted that teacher clarity, providing effective feedback and developing visible learners would be the key areas. The evidence showed that teachers were strongly reliant on task level feedback (i.e. corrective type feedback) and praise type comments when providing student feedback. Data gathered through student voice also indicated that students believed a good learner was someone who demonstrated compliant type behaviours (e.g. listen to the teacher) and students did not have understanding or language to describe what made a successful learner.
- Another outcome staff were eager to pursue was an improvement in the current processes for student goal setting. The current approach was having minimal impact on student learning and essentially the goals students wrote at set points throughout the year were in many cases, no more than ‘words on a page’.
“Reframing our thinking at a whole school level and classroom level to ‘focus more on the learner and learning rather than the teaching’, has required a big shift in mindset and our evidence tells us that we are now being highly successful in doing this.”
The school organised for the first Professional Development day to be held off-site as a ‘launch day’ in June 2016. All staff who were available participated in the Foundation Day Training, including all of the Education Assistants and other school support staff. This day was received with a high level of enthusiasm by all - many commenting on how it was the best, and “most compelling” professional learning they had experienced in their careers. In order to ensure long- term success, to provide timely and practical support to teachers and to harness the initial enthusiasm and ‘buzz’ that this day had generated, a new role was created in the school. Two staff members were appointed Visible Learning ‘Impact Coaches’.
One of the challenges Aubin Grove encountered in the first two years of their Visible Learning journey has been inducting new staff each year. The challenge of upskilling staff each year, or even in many cases in the middle of the school year, has been significant. This challenge has been overcome by implementing thorough induction processes at the beginning of each year and at point of need. The Impact Coach has played an important role in this process - facilitating professional learning sessions determined by the school focus areas. A distributed leadership model has also been key in ensuring that teachers continue to develop accurate and consistent understandings of the Visible Learning principles. Reframing thinking at a whole school level and classroom level to focus more on the learner and learning, rather than the teaching, has required a big shift in mindset. Whole school evidence collected shows that staff are highly successful in doing this.
- An Impact Coach is instrumental in supporting staff in the implementation process of Visible Learning. A key driver across the school, the Impact Coach has been able to provide differentiated support for all staff at point of need.
- Committing to full implementation and embedding the Visible Learning principles is a long-term initiative and therefore a change process requires an openness to continual learning from everyone in the school.
- The importance of an ongoing and active operational plan for the implementation of Visible Learning - one that is driven by the evidence and data collected in the identified Visible Learning areas of focus in the school is needed.
- Identifying and celebrating champions of Visible Learning across the school helps build collective efficacy and momentum for ongoing reflective practices.
- Timetabled common teacher release time for all staff across each year group ensured teachers met weekly and collaborated to share learning experiences, review student data and plan next steps. This collaborative time has been invaluable since commencing the Visible Learning journey. It has allowed their Impact Coaches to support small groups of staff and for staff to reflect and have conversations about best practice along the Visible Learning journey.
Where are we now
- Negotiated goal setting has been transformed across the school. Students now regularly set and review learning goals with their teacher based on their assessment data. These goals now reflect the learning students are involved in, and the extent to which they are demonstrating the Aubin Grove Learner Qualities.
- Term 1 parent interviews, during which student progress and achievement is discussed, are now three-way conferences in Years 3-6. Students play a key role in describing the learning they have been engaged in, the goals they have negotiated with their teachers, the progress they have made in achieving them and what their next goal/s is/are likely to be.
- Learning intentions and success criteria are evident in every classroom for every lesson and most importantly, the majority of students can articulate what they are learning and why.
- The development of the Aubin Grove Learner Qualities has given the whole school community a common language of learning. Students now include references to having a GROWTH mindset and being in the ‘Learning Pit’ when discussing their learning. There has also been a marked change in the students’ understandings of what constitutes a good learner.
Our students can describe characteristics of what an effective learner does and uses the Learner Qualities to support their learning.
- In a relatively short period of time, there has been a significant change in student feedback. From teachers being heavily reliant on praise to evidence of feedback related to the process and self-regulation.
- Collective teacher efficacy has developed through the use of student voice and data collection that now focuses on measuring teacher impact.
- The school has developed a culture of feedback that supports the improvement of all key stakeholders across the school. This has been in part, due to the structures that have been established for observation and coaching through the continuation of the Impact Coachs’ work, a new Literacy Coach position in 2018 and the distributed leadership model, along with far more effective practices being implemented.
What next - The Journey Continues
Several key milestones have been reached in the Visible Learning journey and there is much to celebrate. However, the school community also recognises that this is an improvement process where there is never an end point. The aspiration that all students become assessment capable visible learners is a work in progress and embedding effective practices to support the development our learners will continue. The school has a clear plan moving forward and the staff look forward to celebrating continued success stories and having significant impact on ALL learners at Aubin Grove Primary School.